Eternal life in the Gospels: the power of faith in Jesus, Messiah, Son of God

At the heart of the New Testament lies the Gospel of John, a book distinctively evangelistic in its purpose, irrespective of whether one perceives it as the sole book in the New Testament with this explicit intention. The gospel’s assurance is profound and clear: it carries within it a self-sufficient message that reveals the necessary understanding for anyone to attain eternal life. This specific content of saving faith is encapsulated in John 20:31, where belief in Jesus as the messiah and the son of God is outlined as the path to eternal life.

Yet, when we turn our gaze towards the Synoptic Gospels – Matthew, Mark, and Luke – we are met with different primary purposes. Each of these accounts is written with a distinct audience in mind and aims to highlight particular aspects of Jesus’s life, teachings, and works.

This distinction in purpose and audience prompts an important question: Can an individual, upon reading one of the Synoptic Gospels, uncover within it the message necessary to obtain eternal life, just as they could in the Gospel of John?

The answer is a resounding ‘yes.’ This article aims to demonstrate how each gospel, despite their unique objectives and audiences, is interwoven with the essential declaration of Jesus as the messiah, the son of God – the very belief that, according to the Gospel of John, promises eternal life.

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Neglected inequalities amidst the drive for diversity and equality in remote-first tech companies

Recently, I shed light on the often overlooked disparity in compensation between full-time employees and contractors within remote-first tech companies. Today, I aim to underscore the irony of this substantial and fundamental inequality, which exists in the face of these very companies’ vigorous and commendable pursuit of diversity and equality. These companies, whilst striving to uphold principles of fairness, neglect a fundamental imbalance within their workforce – the disparities between employees and contractors. This inconsistency, bordering on discrimination, deserves attention and rectification.

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The Shadow of the Mafia: Uncovering the Troubling Mentality in Italy’s Real Estate Market

The Italian real estate market is a bustling and vibrant sector, with a complex web of transactions and negotiations taking place daily. Like in many other countries, buying a house in Italy involves paying taxes, which vary in number and amount. These taxes are a common feature when buying and selling properties worldwide. However, Italy’s real estate industry has been tainted by the deeply rooted presence of what I like to call “mafia mentality”. This influence manifests in various aspects of the Italian life in general, and so also in the property buying and selling process. In this article, we will explore two examples that demonstrate how the mafia mentality has permeated the Italian real estate market: the role of estate agents as “mediators” and the government’s policy on taxing debt.

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The Invisible Gap: Inequalities Between Employees and Contractors in Remote-First Tech Companies

Remote-first tech companies are known for their flexibility and global hiring practices, allowing them to tap into a diverse pool of talent. However, there’s a hidden side to this global workforce that raises concerns over inequalities between employees and contractors. While these companies often advertise a level playing field, the reality is quite different for many workers. In this article, we’ll explore the disparities between employees and contractors, the legal issues surrounding these inequalities, and the potential risks for both workers and companies.

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(Reverse) Polish Notation in JavaScript

There was a time when I despised JavaScript. True story. But things have changed much since. What I like about modern JS is its versatility and ease of use. It has a relatively simple syntax, making it accessible to developers with varying levels of experience.

Consider a common problem used during programming teaching courses: the Polish Notation (and Reverse Polish Notation, too). Polish notation (PN), also known as normal Polish notation (NPN), Łukasiewicz notation, Warsaw notation, Polish prefix notation or simply prefix notation, is a mathematical notation in which operators precede their operands, in contrast to the more common infix notation, in which operators are placed between operands, as well as reverse Polish notation (RPN), in which operators follow their operands. PN and RPN do not need any parentheses as long as each operator has a fixed number of operands. The description “Polish” refers to the nationality of logician Jan Łukasiewicz, who invented Polish notation in 1924.

Traditional notationPolish NotationReverse Polish Notation
3 + 4+ 3 43 4 +
3 – (4 * 5)– 3 * 4 53 4 5 * –
(3 + 4) * 5* + 3 4 53 4 + 5 *
(3 – 4) / (5 + 2)/ – 3 4 + 5 23 4 – 5 2 + /
Comparing standard notation to PN and RPN.
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KEDS Essays — Applying 1 Corinthians in Church Ministry Today

Discuss how Paul’s teaching on ministry by women in 1 Corinthians should be applied in today’s church.

Introduction

How do Pauline teachings in First Corinthians impact the ministry and role of women in today’s church life? Are women permitted to be in positions of authority and leadership, such as pastoring, preaching and teaching? The matter is debated today more than it ever was in the past (Laney, 2002, p. 8), and scholars are divided in two broad categories: complementarians and egalitarians. Both sides claim scriptural support for their positions, therefore the different conclusions must be determined by exegetical differences, presuppositions, the role of textual criticism, and the understanding of the Sitz im Leben, amongst other factors.

We shall begin by describing each side’s general stance, looking at foundational verses. We shall then carry out comparative exegesis of relevant texts. Finally, we shall determine the applicability of such texts to modern day church as we come to our own conclusions regarding women’s role in ministry.

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When believing is never enough

The only book of the Bible that has the specific and stated purpose of preaching the message of eternal life is the Gospel of John. He himself tells us: 

Now Jesus did many other miraculous signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these were written, that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and, that, by believing, you may have life in his name.

JOHN 20: 30-31

John repeatedly reiterates the only condition to obtain eternal life: to believe in the One whom God has sent (cf. Jn 6:29). In fact, the Greek verb pisteou (to believe) appears 98 times in the Gospel according to John , almost a third of all biblical occurrences.

In the first letter of John the verb appears 7 more times, and the noun also appears once, in one of the most beautiful verses of the epistle:

For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.

1 JOHN 5: 4
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Two new studies about CO2 and face masks

  1. First study is an all-Italian study still in preprint: CO2 levels whilst wearing a face mask go beyond the safety threshold. 40% of subjects with surgical masks inhale CO2 over the threshold. 99% of subjects wearing an FFP2 inhale CO2 over the threshold. The safety threshold is 5000ppm. The CO2 concentration with the surgical masks was measured to be 4965 ± 1047ppm. With FFP2, it was 9396 ± 2254ppm. It gets worse the younger the subject is. Up to 3 times the threshold in children wearing an FFP2, with an average of more than 2 times (12,847 ± 2898 ppm).
  2. Peer-reviewed study: Carbon dioxide rises beyond acceptable safety levels in children under nose and mouth covering: Results of an experimental measurement study in healthy children.

Masks are bad for you, study confirms (yet again)

[T]he lack of negative correlations between mask usage and COVID-19 cases and deaths suggest that the widespread use of masks at a time when an effective intervention was most needed, i.e., during the strong 2020-2021 autumn-winter peak, was not able to reduce COVID-19 transmission. Moreover, the moderate positive correlation between mask usage and deaths in Western Europe also suggests that the universal use of masks may have had harmful unintended consequences.

Study: Correlation Between Mask Compliance and COVID-19 Outcomes in Europe

KEDS Essays — The Church and Israel

Identify and evaluate both the exegetical and theological problems raised by supersessionism.

Introduction

Supersessionism can be defined as the view that the New Testament (NT) Church is the replacement, continuation or fulfilment of the nation of Israel as the people of God (Vlach, 2007, p. 217), with Old Testament (OT) promises and covenants transferred from ethnic Israel to the Church (Diprose, 2004, p. 2), now seen as the new or true Israel (Marshall, 2012). 

There is a variety of views within supersessionism (Vlach, 2010, p. 13-14), such as punitive supersessionism (Israel was punished for their rejection of the Messiah), and economic supersessionism (Israel fulfilled its pre-established role in God’s plan and is now obsolete). Within both camps we may find moderate supersessionists (p. 20), who would hold to a future nationwide conversion of the Jews. All supersessionists, however, reject the future restoration[1] of Israel in their land as God’s chosen covenant nation (p. 19-20), as well as its implications for God’s plan for humanity.

If supersessionism is wrong, the theological repercussions could be vastly deleterious, since a major theological entity (Israel), seemingly central to God’s programme, would be erroneously displaced.

Our thesis is that the hermeneutics of supersessionism is the cause of widespread exegetical issues, which lead to a theological avalanche affecting several areas of systematic theology. In order to show this, we shall divide our work in three major sections: first, we shall introduce the foundation of supersessionism, namely its hermeneutics; second, we shall analyse their exegesis of passages commonly used as prooftexts; third, we shall outline the wider theological implications. 

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